Have you ever come across the different types of alcohol-based on the number of carbons? Well, the carbon and hydrogen play a significant role in producing several organic compounds. Some are found naturally while the other is produced synthetically in the laboratory like the one 99 isopropyl alcohol.
Wondering about what is isopropyl alcohol? Get to know the complete detail about the product and its various features that make it a useful product for everyday use.
Isopropyl alcohol is the first synthetic alcohol produced at the Standard Oil Company in New Jersey. It consists of three carbon thus isopropyl alcohol formula is C3H8O. Isopropyl alcohol structure has OH attached to the second carbon of the hydrocarbon chain. It is synthesized by the reaction of propylene with sulfuric acid.
It is a multipurpose compound that is used as a solvent because of its ability to dissolve oil and resins. The density of isopropyl alcohol is 0.79 g/ml. The isopropyl alcohol boiling point is 82.5-degree Celsius and the freezing point is 89.5-degree Celsius. The liquid is highly volatile and is flammable with a strong, recognizable smell.
Isopropyl Alcohol Vs Rubbing Alcohol
Many people who know a little about isopropyl alcohol called it isopropyl rubbing alcohol. But is isopropyl alcohol the same as rubbing alcohol?
Speaking about the rubbing alcohol, it is ethyl or isopropyl alcohol mixed with water. It is widely used as an antiseptic and is therefore also known as surgical spirit according to British pharmacopeia. It is being prepared in a different ratio ranging from 70% to 99 isopropyl alcohol. The former is the most common one and is widely used in laboratories and other disinfectant areas.
Why Isopropyl Alcohol is Often Known As Rubbing Alcohol?
Isopropyl Alcohol is common among people as rubbing alcohol. The chemical was named so for two reasons. First, it is used as a liniment in the massage and secondly, it was during the prohibition period when the liquid was named so to distinguish it from other alcoholic liquors.
Different Ways of Using Isopropyl Alcohol
Rubbing alcohol or isopropyl alcohol is something that is commonly found in household cleaning agents, laboratories and many other places because of its disinfectant properties.
Isopropyl alcohol although present in many different grades; the most common among them is 70 isopropyl alcohol and 90 isopropyl alcohol. Since 90 isopropyl alcohol consists of more alcohol than water and is therefore easily get evaporated.
It is, therefore, a good option for the dry items. On the other hand, 70 percent contain a good ratio of water and thus are gentle for the skin. It is therefore widely used to sensitize hands.
Isopropyl Alcohol Uses
Here is the isopropyl alcohol with a different percentage of alcohol along with its uses. Know the right use of each type to reap its benefits.
99 isopropyl alcohol: It is found in almost every product of daily use like thinners, inks, disinfectants, windshield thawing, etc. It is commonly used to clean surfaces and to clean wounds to prevent further infection.
91 isopropyl alcohol: It is commonly found in antiseptic and sanitizers, for antibacterial cleaning agent for wounds and cuts.
70 isopropyl alcohol: The most common available isopropyl alcohol found in medical rooms, clean rooms, to sanitize hands. Since it contains 30% water, therefore, has reduced the risk of toxic fumes and combustion.
Other than this some of the common use of isopropyl alcohol is discussed below. If you are still unaware then make the best use of the chemical in your daily life.
Remove Hairspray Residue
Do you use hairspray or other aerosol hair products then you might get annoyed with those sticky residues in the bathroom? If yes! Then there is good news for you all. Damp a paper towel with rubbing alcohol and wipe the sink. Doing this will make the area sparkling clean.
Erase Permanent Marker
The ink of the permanent marker gets hydrate with the application of isopropyl alcohol thus make it easy to wipe away. It can save you from facing a disaster of permanent marks on the board.
Are you tired of doing hard work to remove those stubborn stickers? Now get rid of it easily with isopropyl alcohol. It dissolves the adhesive thus wipe off the sticker with a single go.
It is easy to disinfectant electronics like phones and laptops with isopropyl alcohol. Since it easily evaporates, thus has the least chance of trapping moisture in the device.
Remove Stains from Microfiber
Having a microfiber upholstery on your favorite furniture? Make the best use of rubbing alcohol to remove stains.
Deodorize Smelly Shoes
Spray the rubbing alcohol in your smelly shoes and sundry them. It kills the bacteria and thus bad smell.
Protect Broken Eyeshadow
Girls now do not break your heart by seeing broken eyeshadow palette. Isopropyl alcohol places your broken bits back and makes it usable again.
Denatured Alcohol Vs Rubbing Alcohol
So, it is now clear that some compounds of alcohol are used to clean parts and machinery of the finished products. Also, it is available in different percentages.
On one hand where alcoholic beverages contain 5 to 40 % alcohol the antiseptic or rubbing alcohol contains 60-90% alcohol in it.
There is one more form of alcohol known as denatured alcohol. It is a methylated spirit that includes some non-drinkables additives. It is bad in taste and is poisonous that even causes the death of the person.
Although there are many similarities between isopropyl alcohol and denatured alcohol, their chemical structure, toxicity, and production method vary. Also, when getting deep into the denatured alcohol vs isopropyl alcohol rubbing alcohol is best known as the surgical spirit while the denatured alcohol as methylated spirit.
Denatured alcohol is the evaporating solvent used by the cleaning crews, painters, and manufacturing environments. In all, rubbing alcohol works as a minor cleaning solvent while denatured alcohol is used as a solvent, a fuel additive and also for finishing products.
What if someone drinks isopropyl alcohol?
Have you ever wondered what happens after drinking isopropyl alcohol? Well, many people think it to experience the same effect as other alcoholic beverages, but that is not true. The body responds in a different way to metabolize this high alcohol liquid and can also lead to organ damage.
It affects the brain and usually associated with dizziness, nausea, abdominal pain, low blood pressure, headaches, diarrhoea, sedation, nausea, and even death.
- Shock and respiratory failure
- Bleeding in the stomach and intestines
- Internal burning
- Psuedo-renal failure/bladder rupture
- Organ damage
There are some safety guidelines as per 99 isopropyl alcohol MSDS that should be followed to make the effective use of the chemical and its product.